By Bolor Lkhaajav. Bolor Lkhaajav is contributor at the International Security Observer. Bolor is a Master’s candidate in Asia-Pacific Studies at the University of San Francisco.
Land-locked between two politically, economically, and militarily powerful nations — Russia and China — Mongolia’s foreign policy frequently involves balancing and contemplating diplomatic relations between and beyond the two neighbors. The third neighbor phenomenon has become an important part of Mongolia’s diplomatic expansion through political, economic, and military means. In modernization of Mongolia’s foreign policy and national security objectives, the 2010 National Security Concept[i] and 2011 Foreign Policy Concept [ii] played a crucial role in structuring Mongolia’s relations with other nations. This article will take a look at Mongolia’s foreign policy and national security policy frameworks, to shed a light on their presence and relevance in the Asia-Pacific.