By Bolor Lkhaajav (Analyst, Institute for Geopolitical Studies of Mongolia)
June 24, 2018
People’s Republic of China (PRC) is home to 1.4 billion people with rich history and diverse ethnic backgrounds that do not belong to the Chinese definition of Han Chinese. Despite China’s economic growth and its expansionist ambition both in the Asia-Pacific and elsewhere, identity crisis remains as one of the leading threat to domestic instability. According to the CIA, in 2010, the Central government officially recognized 56 ethnic groups with multicultural, multilingual, and multi-religious backgrounds. Among them are Mandarin Chinese, Cantonese, Shanghainese, Fuzhou, Taiwanese, Zhuang, Mongolian, Uyghur, Xizang, Hui, and other not well-known ethnic minority. While diversity seems common in our globalized, constantly modernizing world, it is an issue if the state labels them as something that they are not. In this case, Chinese. Consequently, identity crisis has become a growing issue for Beijing’s policymakers— either continue its iron fist policy or implement policies that are more inclusive. This piece of analysis scrutinizes the necessity of addressing the existing identity crisis in China and further questions, what is to be Chinese? If there are no clear definition, then, should the minorities have the right to be called what they are versus forced to be called what they are not?
Institute for Geopolitical Studies of Mongolia
June 4, 2018
The relationship between Mongolia and the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is a developing one. In 2001, when SCO first began its organizational goals, member countries cooperated on keeping the post-war status quo and counterterrorism intelligence sharing efforts.
(Comparing its intended, and the perceived purposes based on the case of khoome)
By Enkhrel Enkhtsetseg.
Graduate Student at Yonsei University, Graduate School of International Studies
Researcher member of The Mongolian Institute for Geopolitical Studies.
As the world takes a shape more globalized and homogenous, cultural diversity that exists in it is facing a danger of extinction. Foreseeing this threat, the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO hereafter) adopted the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage (the Convention hereafter) in 2003 in a bid to expand its efforts which previously was confined only within the scope of “tangible”, and “natural” heritage. Continue Reading
By Bolor Lkhaajav (Institute of Geopolitical Studies of Mongolia)
April 15, 2018
The political apparatus is quickly changing in East Asia. There is a number of existing and emerging political and security issues, all carry geopolitical implications that marks a broad spectrum of changes. Russia’s annexation of Crimea in 2014, the international arbitration between the Philippines and China in 2016, North Korea’s ongoing nuclear crisis, and lastly, Russia’s expelling of British diplomats followed by 27 other nations (including the US, Germany, Netherlands, Hungary, Georgia, and Montenegro and more) all a sign of a stranded relationships, that may neglect Russia in the East Asia, leaning more towards China, Mongolia, and other Russia-friendly countries. While there are some existing narratives on this prognosis, it is an important perspective that foreign policy decision makers and experts must pay attention to. By carefully looking at the past and developing events, one can speculate that there is an emergence of a new Eastern bloc, that is modernized and geopolitically driven, maneuvered by Russia and China’s political, economic, and security interests. Continue Reading
By Bolor Lkhaajav (Analyst of the Mongolian Institute for Geopolitical Studies)
April 3, 2018
Mongolia is a country with an abundance of natural resources. Its land-locked geographical position imposes some economic challenges but it helps Mongolia to distance itself from other regional security issues. Neighboring two politically, economically, and militarily powerful nations Russia and China- Mongolia’s economy is prone to any political and economic changes of these countries. As extractive institutions such as Rio Tinto, Centerra Gold, China Shenhua, and many other pursue Mongolia as a large market, good governance, short and long-term economic strategies are fundamental to build a strong Mongolia. Most importantly, Mongolia has all the tools to strengthen its economic outlook by looking at good-governance models and developmental model from regional and global actors. Hence, to build a stronger Mongolia, this research will address investment-led growth model’s opportunities and challenges. The research will also look at China as an example for solving an investment-led growth issues. Continue Reading